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56 Common Dangerous Plants

Image: Ken Welsh / Design Pics - Common Poisonous Plants. Left To Right: Common Or Black Henbane. (Hyoscyamus Niger); Common Wolf's Bane Or Monk's Hood. (Aconitum Napellus). Black Hellebore Or Christmas Rose. (Helleborus Niger). From The Household Physician Published Circa 1890. Photo Print (45.72 x 27.94 cm) by The Poster Corp

Left To Right: Common Or Black Henbane. (Hyoscyamus Niger); Common Wolf's Bane Or Monk's Hood. (Aconitum Napellus). Black Hellebore Or Christmas Rose. (Helleborus Niger)

56 Common Dangerous Plants Growing in Your Home, Garden and in the Wild and Their Effects

 

| American Ivy | Apple | Apricot | Azalea | Bird-of-Paradise | Bittersweet | Black Locust | Bunch Berry | Caladium | Calla Lily | Castor Bean | Cherry | Choke Cherry | Colocasia | Convallaria Majalis | Cowbane | Crowfoot | Daffodil | Delphinium | Daphne | Dieffenbachia | Digitalis | English Ivy | Foxglove | Hedera Helix | Hemlock | Hens and Chickens | Holly | Hyscinth | Hydrangea | Iris | Jack-in-the-Pulpit | Jessamine | Jimsonweed | Jonquil | Lantana | Larkspur | Ligustrum | Lily-of-the-Valley | Locoweed | Locust | Mayapple | Mistletoe | Monstera | Morning Glory | Narcissus | Nightshade | Oleander | Philodendron | Plum | Poinciana | Poinsettia | Poison Oak | Pokeweed | Prickly Poppy | Privet| Rhubarb | Rhododendron | Ricinus Communis | Skunk Cabbage | Strawberry Bush | Sweet Pea | Thorn Apple | Wisteria | Yew |

IMPORTANT:

Find out the names of your house plants - before your child takes a bite out of them. If your child should eat a plant, take a sample of the leaves with you to the Emergency, so that the doctors can identify the plant, even if you are not sure of what it is.

FIRST AID FOR PLANT EXPOSURES:

SWALLOWED:

• Remove any remaining plant material from mouth.
• Rinse mouth with water.
• If signs of burns or irritations, give milk.
• Bring plant and patient to phone, if possible.
• Call the local Poison Control Center immediately.

Image: Antique Prints-POISONOUS-PLANTS-FRUIT-Meyers-1897 | Giftplanzen I (Poisonous Plants). This map shows different kinds of poisonous plants, all frutis of the plants enlarged.

Antique Prints-POISONOUS-PLANTS-FRUIT-Meyers-1897

EYE CONTAMINATION:

• Flush eye with water immediately for at least fifteen minutes. (Hold head under faucet as if washing hair.)
• DO NOT USE AN EYE CUP.
• Call the local Poison Control Center as soon as eye is thoroughly rinsed.

SKIN CONTAMINATION:

• Rinse skin well with soapy water.
• DO NOT apply any cream, lotion, ointment, etc.
• Call the local Poison Control Center as soon as possible.

Remember - these plants are NOT THE ONLY plants that could be harmful to you and your family. If you have questions about any plants, growing in your home, garden or in the wild, please call your Poison Control Center for professional advice.

• AMERICAN IVY - Parthenocissus Quinquefolia, Virginai Creeper (berries and leaves - toxic substance - Oxalic Acid): action to the digestive system, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea and headache.
• APPLE - Pyrus Sylvestris (seeds - toxic substance: Cyanogenic glycoside-hyrangin): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, muscular weakness, dizziness, stupor and convulsions.
• APRICOT - Prunus Armeniaca (leaves, stem, bark and seed pits - toxic substances: Cyanogenic glycosides): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, difficulty in breathing, muscular weakness, dizziness, stupor and convulsions.
• AZALEA - Rhododendron (entire plant - toxic substance - Andromedotoxin): Watering of eyes and mouth, nasal discharge, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain. Can cause paralysis of the muscles, including the heart, depression of the central nervous system. Sometimes fatal.

• BIRD-OF-PARADISE - Poinciana Gilliesii (green seed pods): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.
• BITTERSWEET - Solanum Dulcamara, European Bittersweet, Climbing Nightshade (leaves and berries - toxic substance: Solanine): Vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, drowsiness, tremors, weakness and difficulty breathing.
• BLACK LOCUST - (bark and foliage): Vomiting, diarrhea and weakened heartbeat. Sometimes fatal.

• CALADIUM - Fancy-leaf caladium (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Calcium oxalate crystals): Intense irritation to mucous membranes producing swelling of tongue, lips and palate.
• CALLA LILY (entire plant): Intense burning sensation and irritation of the mouth and throat.

Image: American Educational Poisonous Plants Poster of The World | This colorful poster details the many poisonous plants and their locations around the world

American Educational Poisonous Plants Poster of The World | This colorful poster details the many poisonous plants and their locations around the world

• CASTOR BEAN - Lantana (all parts of plant, but especially the green berries - toxic substance: Lantadene A) Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, irregular body functions or movements, visual disturbances and lethargy. Burning of the mouth and throat, excessive thirst, convulsions. Often fatal.
• CHERRY - Solanum pseudocapsicum, Jerusalem cherry, natal cherry (all parts of plant - toxic substance: leaves contain solanocapsine; berries contain glycoalkaloid solaine and related glycoalkaloids): Cardiac depression.
• CHOKE CHERRY - Prunus Virginiana (leaves, stem, bark and seed pits - toxic substances: Cyanogenic glycosides): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, difficulty in breathing, muscular weakness, dizziness, stupor and convulsions.
• COLOCASIA - Elephant Ear, Dasheen (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Calcium oxalate crystals): Intense irritation to mucous membranes producing swelling of tongue, lips and palate.
• COWBANE - Cicta Maculata, Water Hemlock, Spotted Cowbane, Poison Parsnip (root and root stalk - toxic substance: Cicutoxin): Increased salivation, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, tremors, muscle spasms and convulsions.

• DAFFODIL (bulb): Severe nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea; convulsions.
• DAPHNE - Daphne Mezereum (all parts, especially berries, bark and leaves - toxic substance: Daphnin): Local irritation to mouth and stomach, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting diarrhea, headaches, irregular heartbeat and pulse. Can be fatal.
• DELPHINIUM - Larkspur, Crowfoot (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Delphinine): Burning and inflammation of mouth, lips and tongue, followed by numbness; paresthesia, beginning in the arms and legs, progressing to the entire body.
• DIEFFENBACHIA - Dumb Cane, Elephant Ear (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Calcium oxalate crystals): Intense irritation to mucous membranes producing swelling of tongue, lips and palate.

• ENGLISH IVY - Hedera helix (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Hederagenin, or steroidal saponin): Local irritation, excess salvation, nausea, vomiting, thirst, severe diarrhea, abdominal pain. Difficulties in breathing. Sometimes coma.

Image: Common Poisonous Plants. Left To Right: Fool's Parsley Or Lesser Hemlock (Aethusa Cynapium); Common Greater Or Spotted Hemlock (Conium Maculatum); Purple Foxglove Or Folksglove (Digitalis Purpurea). From The Household Physician, Published Circa 1890. Poster Print (18 x 11) by Posterazzi

Left To Right: Fool's Parsley Or Lesser Hemlock (Aethusa Cynapium); Common Greater Or Spotted Hemlock (Conium Maculatum); Purple Foxglove Or Folksglove (Digitalis Purpurea)

• FOXGLOVE - Digitalis (flowers, leaves or seeds - toxic substances: Cardio-active glycosides - digitoxin, digoxin, gitoxin and others): Local irritation of mouth and stomach, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, headaches, irregular heartbeat and pulse. Can be fatal.

• HEMLOCK - Conium Macultum, Poison Hemlock, Fool's Parsley, False Parsley (all parts - toxic substance: Lamba-coniceine, coniine, n-methyl coniine): Digestive distress, muscular weakness, convulsions and breathing difficulties.
• HOLLY - Ilex Vomitoria, Christmas Holly, Yaupon Holly (berries): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, weakness.
• HYACINTH - Hyacinthus Orientalis (bulb; leaves and flowers if eaten in large quantities): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.
• HYDRANGEA - Hydrangea Macrophylia (leaves and buds - toxic substance: Cyanogenic glycoside-hydragin): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, muscular weakness, dizziness, stupor and convulsions.

• IRIS (leaves, roots, rhizome) Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Severe, but temporary digestive upset.

• JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT - Arisaema Triphyllum, Indian Turnip (roots and leaves - toxic substances: Calcium Oxalate crystals) Severe burning of the lips and mouth, corrosive action to digestive tract, swelling of tongue, lips and palate.
• JESSAMINE - Gelsemium Sempervirens, Yellow Jessamine, Carolina Jessamine (all parts - toxic substance: Alkaloids - gelsemine, gelsemicine): Cardiac depression, visual disturbances, dizziness, headache and dryness of mouth.
• JIMSONWEED - Datura Stramonium, Jamestown Weed, Thorn Apple, Angel's Trumpet (leaves, flowers, nectar, seeds - toxic substance: Belladonna Alkaloids): Dilated pupils, dry mouth, incresed body temperature, intense thirst, confusion, delirium, hallucinations and pulse irregularities.
• JONQUIL - (bulb): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea. Can be fatal.

• LANTANA - Hens and Chickens (all parts of plant, but especially the green berries - toxic substance: Lantadene A): Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, irregular body functions or movements, visual disturbances and lethargy.
• LANTANA - Bunchberry (all parts of plant, but especially the green berries - toxic substance: Lantadene A): Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, irregular body functions or movements, visual disturbances and lethargy.
• LIGUSTRUM - Waxed-leaf ligustrum (leaves and berries): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.
• LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY - Convallaria Majalis (leaves and flowers - toxic substance Cardioactive glycoside - convallamarogenin) Local irritation of the mouth and stomach, followed by vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, persistant headache. Irregular heartbeat and pulse. Mental confusion.
• LOCOWEED - Datura Meteloides, Moonflower, Angel's Trumpet (leaves, flowers, nectar, seeds - toxic substance: Belladonna Alkaloids): Dilated pupils, dry mouth, incresed body temperature, intense thirst, confusion, delirium, hallucinations and pulse irregularities.
• LOCUST - Robinia Pseudoacacia, Black Locust, White Locust (young leaves, inner bark, seeds - toxic substances: Robin and Robitin): Nausea, vomiting and stomach pain.

• MAYAPPLE - Podaphyllum peltatum, Mandrake, Ground Lemon (unripe fruit, roots, leaves, stem - toxic substance: Podophylloresin) Not dangerous unless fruit is eaten before it is ripen. Then, children have been known to be poisoned with severe stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea and pulse irregularities.
• MISTLETOE (berries): Acute stomach and intestinal irritation. May be fatal.
• MONSTERA - Swiss-Cheese plant, Ceriman (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Calcium oxalate crystals): Intense irritation to mucous membranes producing swelling of tongue, lips and palate.
• MORNING GLORY - Ipomoea Violaces (seeds - toxic substances: several alkaloids that are chemically related to lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD) Mental confusion, hallucination-like states, nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, explosive diarrhea, frequent urination and depressed reflexes. Occasionally fatal.

• NARCISSUS (bulb): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.

Image: Common Poisonous Plants. Left To Right: Deadly Nightshade (Atropa Belladonna); Fly Blown Mushroom Or Fly Amanita (Agaricus Muscarius Or Amanita Muscaria); Strong Scented Or Poisonous Lettuce (Lactuca Virosa). From The Household Physician, Published Circa 1890. Poster Print (18 x 11) by Posterazzi

Left To Right: Deadly Nightshade (Atropa Belladonna); Fly Blown Mushroom Or Fly Amanita (Agaricus Muscarius Or Amanita Muscaria); Strong Scented Or Poisonous Lettuce (Lactuca Virosa)

• NIGHTSHADE - Atropa Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Tropane alkaloids, atropine and hyoscyamina): Fever, visula disturbances, burning sensation in mouth, thirst, dry skin, headache and confusion.
• OLEANDER - Nerum Oleander (leaves, stems and flowers - toxic substances: Cardioactive glycosides-oleandroside, oleandrin and nerioside): Local irritation to mouth and stomach, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea and irregular heartbeat.

• PHILODENDRON - Elephant Ear (all parts of plant - toxic substance: Calcium oxalate crystals) Intense burning of mouth and throat. Sometimes fatal.
• PLUM - Prunus Americana, American Plum, Wild Plum (leaves, stems, bark and seed pits - toxic substances: Cyanogenic glycosides): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, difficulty in breathing, muscular weakness, dizziness, stupor and convulsions.
• POINSETTIA (leaves and stem): Abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Sap can also cause skin irritation and, if rubbed in the eyes, blindness.
• POISON OAK (leaves): Usually only skin irritation but can be serious if chewed or swallowed.
• POKEWEED - Phytolacca Americana, Pokeroot, Poke Salad, Inkberry (all parts, especially the root, leaves and green berries - toxic substance: Tannin): Burning in mouth, sore throat, nausea, vomiting and blurred vision.
• PRICKLY POPPY (leaves and seeds): Vomiting, diarrhea, vision distortion, distension of the abdomen, sometimes coma.
• PRIVET - Ligustrum, Common Privet (leaves and berries): Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.

• RHUBARB - Rheum Raponticum (leaves - toxic substance: Oxalic Acid): Vomiting and muscle cramps. Corrosive action on the digestive tract. If ingested in sufficient quantity, convulsions and coma.
• RICINUS COMMUNIS - Castor Bean, Caster-Oil plant, Palma Christi (seed, if chewed - toxic substance: Ricin): Burning sensation in the mouth, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, thirst, blurred vision, dizziness, convulsions.

• SKUNK CABBAGE (leaves): Burning and swelling of mouth, tongue and throat, with occasional stomach upset if large amounts are eaten.
• STRAWBERRY BUSH (leaves, bark and seeds): Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, chills, convulsions and even death.
• SWEET PEA - Lathyrus Odoratus (pea or seed - toxic substance: Beta-[gamma-L-glutamyl]-amino-propionitrile): Slowed and weakened pulse, depressed and weakened breathing, and convulsions.

• WISTERIA (seeds or whole pods - toxic substance: Resin and glycoside wisterin): Mild to severe digestive upset. Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.
• YEW - Japanese Yew (seeds and foliage - toxic substance: Alkaloid Toxine): Gastroenteritis and cardiac disturbances. Convulsions. Sometimes fatal.


This article compliments of Born to Love.


 

Other articles that might be of interest:

• Dangerous Baby Product Information Alert
• Ten Product Ingredients Your Child Should Avoid and Why
• 20 Questions to Ask Your Doctor and Pharmacist About Your Child's Medications
• Skin Care Ingredients You Should Avoid and Why
• The Facts About Pesticides and Your Baby
• Environmental Illness in Children
• Newborn Bill of Rights
• Household Child-Safety Check-list
• Common Dangerous Plants
• Water Safety for Kids
• The Immunzation Debate - Will you vaccinate your child or not?
• The Vaccination Decision - Important and revealing information

 


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Last updated - February 8, 2017